Around 1500 Wittenberg was a modest town in Saxony. It was highly unlikely that it would become the scene of events that would change the course of history.
Wittenberg is where the Reformation began. From 1511/12 on, the Augustinian hermit Martin Luther taught and developed a new theology at the recently founded university. In 1517/18, the indulgence controversy showed that this theology had the inherent potential for criticism of the church. And in the years that followed, it proved to be a power that changed the church and the world.